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Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus.
The cause of congenital limb defects is unknown. However, risk factors that may increase the likelihood of a congenital limb defect include the following:
The diagnosis of congenital limb defects is made at birth. The most common congenital limb defects can be classified as follows:
Congenital limb defects may also be associated with other bone conditions or syndromes. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.
Specific treatment for congenital limb defects will be determined by your child's physician based on:
The overall goal for treatment of congenital limb defects is to provide the child with a limb that has proper function and appearance. Treatment goals can vary for each child. Some goals may include the following:
There are no standardized treatment protocols for congenital limb defects. Treatment options may include:
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