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Contact Dermatitis

What is contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a physiological reaction that occurs after skin comes in contact with certain substances. Irritants to the skin cause the vast majority (80 percent) of these reactions. The remaining 20 percent of reactions are caused by allergens, which trigger an allergic response.

Adults are affected by allergic contact dermatitis more than young children or the elderly.

What causes irritant contact dermatitis?

The most common causes of irritants to children include the following:

Plants, as well as metals, cosmetics, and medications may also cause contact dermatitis:

What are the symptoms of contact dermatitis?

The following are some of the other symptoms associated with contact dermatitis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The most severe reaction is at the contact site. The symptoms of contact dermatitis may resemble other skin conditions. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

Treatment for contact dermatitis:

The best treatment is to identify and avoid the substances that may have caused the allergic contact dermatitis. The following is recommended by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, for mild to moderate reactions:

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Online Resources of Dermatology


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