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What is glomerulonephritis?

Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that involves the glomeruli. The glomeruli are very small, important structures in the kidneys that supply blood flow to the small units in the kidneys that filter urine, called the nephrons. During glomerulonephritis, the glomeruli become inflamed and impair the kidney's ability to filter urine.

What causes glomerulonephritis?

Glomerulonephritis is caused by several different disease states, including the following:

What are the symptoms of glomerulonephritis?

The following are the most common symptoms of glomerulonephritis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of glomerulonephritis may resemble other conditions and medical problems. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

How is glomerulonephritis diagnosed?

In addition to a thorough physical examination and complete medical history, your child's physician may recommend the following diagnostic tests:

Treatment for glomerulonephritis:

Specific treatment for glomerulonephritis will be determined by your child's physician based on:

If glomerulonephritis is caused by a streptococcal infection, then treatment will be focused on curing the infection and treating the symptoms associated with the infection. Unfortunately, glomerulonephritis caused by a different reason cannot be cured. Therefore, treatments focus on slowing the progression of the disease preventing complications.

Treatment for glomerulonephritis may include:

If glomerulonephritis does not resolve, long-term kidney failure may need to be addressed.

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