All Children's Hospital Logo

Health Information Library

Parents > A to Z > C > A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile
A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile

A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile

Also called: CP; Cerebral Palsy; Spastic Paralysis; Infantile Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a brain disorder that affects a person's muscle tone and motor skills (the ability to coordinate body movements).

Infantile cerebral palsy may be caused by:

Problems during labor and delivery also can sometimes cause CP.

Details

Cerebral palsy makes muscle control and coordination difficult. Everything from standing still and breathing to bladder and bowel control can be affected in someone with cerebral palsy.

CP also can lead to other health issues, including vision, hearing, and speech problems, and learning disabilities. Kids with severe cerebral palsy also may have seizures, speech and communication problems, and sometimes mental retardation.

Key Point

Cerebral palsy does not get worse over time. There is no cure for CP, but treatment, therapy, special equipment, and (in some cases) surgery can have a big impact on a child's development and quality of life.

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.

Related Articles
P    Birth Defects
K    Cerebral Palsy
T    Cerebral Palsy
T    Cerebral Palsy: Keith's Story
K    In the Band: Jens' Story
K    Kids With Special Needs
P    Occupational Therapy
P    Physical Therapy
P    Speech-Language Therapy
K    What Is a Gene?
K    Word! Genetics
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
© 1995-2014 KidsHealth® All rights reserved. Images provided by iStock, Getty Images, Corbis, Veer, Science Photo Library, Science Source Images, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com

Additional Info

Pocket Doc Mobile App
Maps and Locations (Mobile)
Programs & Services
Employment
For Health Professionals
For Patients & Families
Contact Us
Find a Doctor
News
CME

All Children's Hospital
501 6th Ave South
St. Petersburg, FL 33701
(727) 898-7451
(800) 456-4543

Use Normal Template
© 2014 All Children's Hospital - All Rights Reserved