References for Data about Norwood Procedure and Heart Transplantation

Pediatric heart transplantation and the Norwood procedure are among the most challenging pediatric cardiac surgical operations. Johns Hopkins All Children's Heart Institute has published in the peer reviewed literature our outcomes after the Norwood Operation and Heart Transplantation.

  1. Jacobs JP, O'Brien SM, Chai PJ, Morell VO, Lindberg HL, Quintessenza JA. Management of 239 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related malformations from 1993 to 2007. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1691-6; discussion 1697. Lessons Learned From 119 Consecutive Cardiac Transplants for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. Ann Thorac Surg. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Apr; 91(4):1248-55. PMID:21440154.
  2. Jacobs JP, Asante-Korang A, O'Brien SM, Chai PJ, Dadlani GH, Rodriguez-Fazzi GL, Vu D, McCormack J, McKenna DE, Boucek RJ Jr, Cooper DS, Saltiel A, Carapellucci J, van Gelder HM, Daicoff GR, Quintessenza JA.